With an estimated 45 million fake £1 coins in circulation, Britain gets what is claimed to be a fraud-proof coin as the Royal Mint releases 1.5 billion one-pound coins that feature a 12-sided bimetallic design, a hologram and other discrete anti-counterfeiting measures. A different printing milestone emerges at Massachusettes Institute of Technology with the recent 3D printed autonomous sensory composite robots, that are provided with sensor laden robotic skin that can feel.
The Centres will give academics and industry access to powerful computers to support research in engineering and physical sciences, and will officially be launched on Thursday 30 March at the Thinktank science museum, Birmingham. Funded by £20 million from the EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council) the centres around the UK, locate at the Universities of Cambridge, Edinburgh, Exeter, and Oxford, Loughborough, and UCL.
For more than 80 years, researchers have disagreed on whether two populations of Atlantic cod (NEAC and NCC) are one or two distinct species. This research contributes to this discussion by showing that NEAC and NCC is the same species, that have adapted to different conditions. The thesis identifies which areas of the genome that have elevated genetic difference between the two groups and its is shown that these differences are concentrated in several genetic regions. Strong linkage between these regions indicates that these regions are inverted.
A Chance find has big implications for water treatment’s costs and carbon footprint when it was discovered accidentally that bacteria found during research, supported by the EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council) could fundamentally re-shape efforts to cut the huge amount of electricity consumed during wastewater clean-up.
A new study of atomoxetine, a drug used to treat ADH (attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder) is associated with improved reading skills among children 10-16 years of age with either dyslexia alone, or with ADHD and dyslexia, compared to placebo.
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden have demonstrated efficient solar energy storage in a chemical liquid. The stored energy can be transported and then released as heat whenever needed. The research is now presented on the cover of the scientific journal "Energy & Environmental Science" Many consider the sun the energy source of the future.
Researchers are developing so-called ‘brain-computer interfaces’ (BCIs) following recent advances in electronics and computing. These technologies can ‘read’ and use human thought in order to control machines, for example, humanoid robots.
A team of researchers led by the University of the West of England (UWE Bristol) is to develop a wearable robotic system for minimally invasive surgery, also known as keyhole surgery, that will offer surgeons natural and dexterous movement as well as the ability to ‘sense’, ‘see’, control and safely navigate through the surgical environment. It follows hard on the heels of recent news on robotic cochlear-implants indicating the way that robotic surgery will develop.
Researchers at Dublin City University are working on a €4.6million EU-funded project, RECAP, to develop the next generation of optimised cloud computing systems to support the IoE (Internet of Everything.) The project will pave the way for a radically new concept in the provision of cloud services. The cloud is a key enabling technology for connected people, devices and computers. Over 13 billion devices are currently connected to the internet and whilst the cloud supports this connectivity at hyperscale, it is slowly reaching the end of its capacity.
A team of surgeons and engineers of Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, and the ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research, University of Bern, have developed a high-precision surgical robot for cochlear implantation. Recently they report on their first successful Robotic Cochlear Implantation (RCI) in Science Robotics.
Researchers measuring the impact on cancer stem cell metabolism of 3 natural substances, 3 experimental pharmaceuticals and 1 clinical drug disclose that Vitamin C is up to ten times more effective at stopping cancer cell growth than pharmaceuticals such as 2-DG, according to scientists in Salford, UK.
The share of women among researchers has increased between four and 11 percentage points between the periods 1996-2000 and 2011-2015 throughout 12 geographies. Across these geographies, women’s scholarly articles are cited or downloaded at a similar rates to men’s, despite women tending to publish fewer articles on average than men.
Precise knowledge of the connections in the brain – the links between all the nerve cells – is a prerequisite for better understanding this most complex of organs. Researchers from Heidelberg University have now developed a new algorithm – a computational procedure – that can extract this connectivity pattern with far greater precision than previously possible from microscopic images of the brain. Prof. Dr Fred Hamprecht, head of the "Image Analysis and Learning" working group at the Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing, expects such automated image data analysis to bring about great strides in the neurosciences. It will likely lead to a circuit diagram of the brain.
University of Bristol and Université Libre de Bruxelles have theoretically shown how to write programs for random circuitry in quantum computers. This breakthrough, published in “New Journal of Physics,” is based on the work of the first author, Dr Nick Russell, who tragically lost his life in a climbing accident last year.
The discovery of young stars in old star clusters could trigger a major rethink about one of the Universe’s most common objects. A new result appears in a paper in the journal “Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.”
Two women, an academic and a former managing partner of Ryden, the property consultancy and chartered surveyor, have been respectively inducted and appointed to the chair, to be among Scotland’s outstanding women and role models.
Researchers in Kaiserslautern, Dr. Thomas Kuhn and Fraunhofer IESE (Institute Experimental Software Engineering) Matthias Jung, develop a new simulation process to verify that combinations of hardware and software systems actually function correctly together.
You may have considered earthly life dawning in a sort of primordial, biochemical soup, or you’ve updated this to consider the smoky, sulfurous hydrothermal vents as auspicious locales, rich with energy and chemicals for forging organic life. But have you pondered that physics governs how life forms, then perpetuates and adapts?
Researchers from 35 European countries shared and analysed data on ash dieback across the entire continent over a four-year period, identifying the causes, effects and ways to counter the phenomenon. The invasive species originating from East Asia, the fungus was first seen in Eastern Europe in 1992. It is now threatening one of Europe’s most common tree species, killing millions of ash trees across the entire continent. The challenge now is to identify pathways to breed trees with genes for resistance to both insects and the ash dieback.
Scotland, Computer News in Scotland, Technology News in Scotland, Computing in Scotland, Web news in Scotland computers, Internet, Communications, advances in communications, communications in Scotland, Energy, Scottish energy, Materials, Biomedicine, Biomedicine in Scotland, articles in Biomedicine, Scottish business, business news in Scotland.